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what is the sql case statement used for?

SQL Case Statement

Switch statement is used to execute a block of statement based on the switch expression value. An expression must be of type int, short, byte or char. A case value should be a constant literal value and cannot be duplicated. Expression value is compared with each case value. If a match found corresponding block of statements will be executed. A break statement is used to terminate the execution of statements. If no case value matches with expression value then default block of statements will be executed. If break statement is not used within case, all matching cases will be executed.


CASE expression
    WHEN condition1 THEN result1
    WHEN condition2 THEN result2
    WHEN conditionN THEN resultN
    ELSE result


SELECT CustomerID, CustomerName, "Result"=
    WHEN CustomerID > 10 THEN "The customerId is greater than 10"
    WHEN CustomerID = 10 THEN "The customerId is 10"
    ELSE "The customerId is something else"

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