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what is the difference between error and exception in java?


Checked exceptions:

Checked exceptions are those exceptional conditions that are checked by compiler at the compile time. A checked exception forces you to either use try-catch or throws. All exceptions except Error, RuntimeException, and their subclasses are checked exceptions.

e.g. – IOException, SQLException etc.

Unchecked exceptions:

Unchecked exceptions are those exceptional conditions that are not checked by compiler at the compile time. Unchecked exceptions are checked at runtime. An unchecked exception not forces you to either use try-catch or throws. RuntimeException and their subclasses are unchecked exceptions. This Exception can be avoided by programmer.

e.g. – NullPointerException, ArithmeticException etc.

Error:

Errors are those exceptional conditions that are not checked by compiler at the compile time. Errors are checked at runtime. An error not forces you to either use try-catch or throws. Error and their subclasses are represents errors. Error can’t be avoided by programmer, it is irrecoverable.

e.g. – OutOfMemoryError etc.

Java interview questions on exception handling

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