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what are different types of web services?

There are two types of web services:

SOAP web services:
SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol. It is used to transfer the data. It is a XML-based messaging-layer protocol. SOAP can be used in combination with a variety of transport protocols like HTTP, SMTP, and JMS etc.
Note: SOAP is part of the set of standards specified by the W3C.

RESTful web services:
REST stands for REpresentational State Transfer. Unlike SOAP it is a web standards based architecture and not protocol. It uses HTTP protocol for data communication. REST provides the facility to represent a resource in various formats like text, JSON and XML.

Note: JSON is the most popular format.

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