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Suffixes in English Grammar

Suffixes are letters that are added at the end of a word to make it meaningful. Like prefix, they do not have a meaning of their own until they are added to some word.

Example:

  • Writer.
  • Writing.
  • Childhood.

 

Common Suffixes:

Noun Suffix

SuffixMeaningExample
-erone who performs the actionSinger, writer, etc.
-ismBeliefHinduism, Sufiism, etc.
-logyTheoryIdeology, Biology, etc.
-shipPosition heldPartnership, Internship, etc.
-nessState of beingHappiness, rudeness, etc.

 

Verb Suffix

SuffixMeaningExample
-fymakeModify, Clarify, etc.
-ishDoPunish, Selfish, etc.
-ateDoTerminate, Captivate, etc.

 

Adjective Suffix

SuffixMeaningExample
-fulNotableGrateful, Beautiful, etc.
-ibleAdjectiveReversible, Terrible, etc.
-lyAdjectiveQuickly, slowly, etc.
-iveHaving the natureCreative, decisive, etc.
-lessWithoutEndless, tireless, etc.

 

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