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Struts 2 Zero Configuration by convention approach

A struts application without using struts.xml file is also known as application with Zero Configuration.

Note: Put the view files inside the WEB-INF/content folder. The view file name must follow the below pattern:
View file name: Request name-String returned by action class.

Struts 2 Zero Configuration by convention approach example:


<%@ taglib uri="/struts-tags" prefix="s"%>
      Struts 2 zero configuration by convention approach example
     This is a zero configuration by convention approach example.
    <s:property value="message" /> <br/>
    <s:form action="login">
    	<s:textfield name="userName" label="UserName" />
    	<s:password name="password" label="Password" />
	<s:submit value="login" align="center"/>


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app version="2.5" 

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
 * This class is used as an action class.
 * @author codesjava
public class Login extends ActionSupport{
	//data members
	private String userName;
	private String password;
	private String message;
	//business logic
	public String execute(){
		if(userName.equals("jai") && password.equals("1234")){
			setMessage("Hello " +userName + ",
                                You are successfully logged in.");
			return SUCCESS;
			setMessage("Invalid username or password.");
			return ERROR;
	//getter setters
	public String getUserName() {
		return userName;
	public void setUserName(String userName) {
		this.userName = userName;
	public String getPassword() {
		return password;
	public void setPassword(String password) {
		this.password = password;
	public String getMessage() {
		return message;
	public void setMessage(String message) {
		this.message = message;


<jsp:include page="/login.jsp"></jsp:include>


<%@ taglib uri="/struts-tags" prefix="s"%>
		<title>Struts 2 zero configuration by 
                convention approach example</title>
		<h3>This is a zero configuration by 
                    convention approach example.</h3>
		<s:property value="message" />


struts 24 login
Enter UserName: jai and Password: 1234
struts 24 value
Click on login button.
struts 24 final
Download this example.
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