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Spring constructor based injection


Constructor based dependency injection is a process of passing the dependency to a dependent object via a constructor.

Note:
1. For primitive data types use element and for dependent objects use

<ref bean="beanId"/>

2. Index attribute is used to specify the index of constructor arguments.

Example Explanation:

We have created two beans “Student” and “Address”. Student class requires an Address class object. In spring configuration file we define Address bean and pass this as an argument in Student class using constructor-arg element.

Example:

Student.java

package com.codesjava.business;
 
/**
 * This class will be used as a bean class.
 * @author codesjava
 */
public class Student {
	private String name;
	private String rollNo;
	private String className;
	private Address address;
 
	public Student(Address address){
		this.address = address;
	}
 
	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}
	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}
	public String getRollNo() {
		return rollNo;
	}
	public void setRollNo(String rollNo) {
		this.rollNo = rollNo;
	}
	public String getClassName() {
		return className;
	}
	public void setClassName(String className) {
		this.className = className;
	}
	public Address getAddress() {
		return address;
	}
 
}

Address.java

package com.codesjava.business;
 
/**
 * This class will be used as a bean class.
 * @author codesjava
 */
public class Address {
	private String addLine;
	private String city;
	private String state;
	private String country;
 
	public String getAddLine() {
		return addLine;
	}
	public void setAddLine(String addLine) {
		this.addLine = addLine;
	}
	public String getCity() {
		return city;
	}
	public void setCity(String city) {
		this.city = city;
	}
	public String getState() {
		return state;
	}
	public void setState(String state) {
		this.state = state;
	}
	public String getCountry() {
		return country;
	}
	public void setCountry(String country) {
		this.country = country;
	}
 
}

applicationContext.java

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd">
 
   <bean id="student" class="com.codesjava.business.Student">
   	   <property name="name" value="Jai"/>
       <property name="rollNo" value="MCA/07/06"/>
       <property name="className" value="MCA"/>
       <constructor-arg ref="address"/>
   </bean>
 
    <bean id="address" class="com.codesjava.business.Address">
       <property name="addLine" value="Test address"/>
       <property name="city" value="Gurgaon"/>
       <property name="state" value="Haryana"/>
       <property name="country" value="India"/>
    </bean>
 
</beans>

Test.java

package com.codesjava.business;
 
import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
 
public class Test {
 public static void main(String[] args) {
  //Get ApplicationContext using spring configuration file.
  ApplicationContext context = 
	new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("applicationContext.xml");
 
  //Get Student bean object from ApplicationContext instance. 
  Student student = (Student) context.getBean("student");
 
  //Process Student Object.
  System.out.println("Student info: "); 
  System.out.println("Name: " + student.getName());
  System.out.println("RollNo: " + student.getRollNo());
  System.out.println("Class: " + student.getClassName());
 
  //Get Address from Student Object.
  Address studentAddress = student.getAddress();
 
  //Process Address Object.
  System.out.println("Student Address: ");
  System.out.println("Address Line: " + studentAddress.getAddLine());
  System.out.println("City: " + studentAddress.getCity());
  System.out.println("State: " + studentAddress.getState());
  System.out.println("Country: " + studentAddress.getCountry());
 } 
}

Output:

Student info: 
Name: Jai
RollNo: MCA/07/06
Class: MCA
Student Address: 
Address Line: Test address
City: Gurgaon
State: Haryana
Country: India

 
Download this example.
 

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