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Renal Failure

Kidneys are very essential to our body they help in making red blood cells. They regulate electrolytes (a kind of nutrient) and activate cholecalciferol, too.When your kidneys are damaged, they stop working like they should do. This could happen due to another health condition, like diabetes. A decrease in kidney operate that happens over time is named chronic renal failure.

When your kidneys pack up suddenly, you have what doctors call acute kidney failure (or acute renal failure). It can happen over just a few hours or days.

Symptoms

They’ll depend upon however dangerous your loss of kidney situation is, how quickly you lose kidney function, and the reasons for your kidney failure. You may experience the following:

-Peeing less than normal

-Swelling in your legs, ankles, and feet (caused by your body holding on to fluid)

-Drowsiness or feeling very tired

-Shortness of breath

-Itching

-Joint pain, swelling

-Loss of appetite

-Confusion

-Throwing up or feeling like you’re going to

-Chest pain or pressure

-Muscle twitching

-Seizures or coma (in severe cases)

-Stomach and back pain

-Fever

-Rash

-Nosebleed

Causes

There are three main reasons your kidneys fail all of a sudden:

Something is stopping blood flow to your kidneys. It could be because of:

-An infection

-Liver failure

-Medications (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or COX-2 inhibitors, like Celebrex)

-Blood pressure medications

-Heart failure

-Severe burns or dehydration

-Blood or fluid loss

You have a condition that’s block excretion from leaving your kidneys. This could mean:

-Bladder, cervical, colon or prostate cancer

-Blood clots in your urinary tract

-An enlarged prostate

-Kidney stones

-Nerve damage in your bladder

Something has directly damaged your kidneys, like:

-Blood clots

-Cholesterol deposits

-Medications which will directly harm kidneys, as well as NSAIDs like ibuprofen and Naprosyn, therapy, and antibiotics.

-Glomerulonephritis (inflamed kidney filters; can be caused by an infection, autoimmune disease (like lupus), multiple myeloma, scleroderma, chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics, or other toxins).

Treatment

In most cases, renal failure is treated if it’s caught early.

Diet: Your doctor will probably limit the number of salt and potassium you’ll takeuntil your kidneys heal. That’s because both of these substances are removed from your body through your kidneys. Changing how and what you eat won’t reverse acute renal failure. But your doctor might modify your diet whereas he deals with the conditions that caused it. This may mean treating a pathological state like heart disease, taking you off certain medications, or giving you fluids through an IV if you’re dehydrated.

Medications: Your doctor may prescribe medicines that regulate the amount of phosphorous and potassium in your blood. When your kidneys fail, they can’t remove these substances from your body. Medications won’t facilitate your kidneys, but they may reduce some of the problems kidney failure causes.

Dialysis: If your kidney injury is severe enough, you may require hemodialysis until your kidneys can heal. Dialysis doesn’t help kidneys heal however takes over the work of kidneys till they do. If your kidneys don’t heal, dialysis could be long-term.

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