Prepositions of Places and Direction Usage
Words that develop a relationship between place as a noun with other parts of the sentence are termed as Prepositions of Place and Direction Usage.
|COMMONLY USED PREPOSITIONS OF PLACES AND DIRECTION|
|IN FRONT OF|
It highlights something that should be present on a specific location or place. It doesn’t entitle any particular name but links it to the other parts of the sentence and connects the noun with it.
Your trouser is in the closet. (The exact place is still unspecified)
She lives in China.
Sarah works in that company.
It highlights a specific place.
Robert is at the gate.
I am waiting at 12/6 George Street.
She is not at home.
It determines a position above but linking the object.
The phone is on the bed. (Phone is touching the bed)
She is on the fourth floor.
The cat is on the sofa.
It highlights a position that is higher as compare to the preposition “ON” does. It is also used to highlight something that is either difficult or out of reach.
The bird is flying above my head.
The painting hanged above that statue is worth a million
Claire’s voice was barely above a whisper.
Over describes a position that is between on and above that remains untouched.
There is a flock of birds flying over the hills.
An Eagle flew over my jeep.
My apartment is over the shop.
Under is the reciprocal of “ON” and means something that is below the surface.
The dog is under the bed.
The rug under my feet is very soft.
That magazine is under my glasses.
It determines something that is at a slight bit lower position than what “UNDER” highlights.
I have a wound below my chin.
Do you see the red light below that button?
Please, don’t sign below this line.
It highlights a movement in the direction of a place.
Charlotte went to the park.
Alexander is going to Berlin.
She walked from the lake to the village.
From specifies the part on which the movement begins.
He came from Belgium.
We walked from the lake to the village.
She drove from Dallas.
It determines a movement towards or inside something. This preposition is of multiple uses.
Alex came into the hotel.
The thief broke into the jewelry shop.
My car crashed into a police station.
Out of is the opposite of into which indicates a movement towards or outside of something or somewhere.
May is going out of country.
Get out of this place.
Please stay out of this (unidentified)
THROUGH, BESIDE, OF, BEHIND, , BY ACROSS, IN FRONT, TOWARDS
Through is a preposition used to highlight a movement in the middle of something.
He drove through the tunnel.
The deer came through the forest.
She came through that gate.
Across means that someone is going to the opposite side of the river, road or something that is straight.
Britney went across the river.
Rob walked across the street.
My office is across the bank.
It means at the side or next to something.
The jeep beside the bicycle is not mine.
Sarah is standing beside the pet shop.
I will always stay beside her.
IN FRONT OF:
It means being in a position of facing someone or something.
The uber was parked in front of my house.
I have a pool in my penthouse.
She was shivering in front of me.
It means at a far side of something (it can be out of sight) as well. It is the reciprocal of in front of.
Peter parked his car behind my bike.
I have a park behind my house.
She is hiding behind that tree.
It describes a movement in the direction of something metaphorical.
She is walking towards me.
Tony moved towards the birthday party.
I rushed towards the car when the thief came on the street.
By refers to something near to or next to something or someone.
He has a villa by the lake.
He was standing by the pole.
My house is by the saloon.
It means a movement that is towards a higher place or position.
They were climbing up the mountain.
Lift her up.
Merlin is going up to Canada.
Climb up the tree.
This preposition indicates a meaning that is opposite of up. It shows a movement towards a lower place or position.
She is riding down the river.
Blaire is climbing down the hill.
She went down the stairs.
It highlights something or someone who is in the middle of two other things or persons.
Jason is sitting between Cedric and Bob/
The dog is between the two boxes.
The matter is between you and me.
Among is a preposition that indicates something or someone in the middle of a group of people or a couple of things.
Alex is sitting among the kids.
She is the best among them.
Among all the people. Blaire only had the courage to speak up.