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PHP Control Statement


All the conditional statements and loop statements are collectively termed as Control Statements.

Conditional Statements:

Conditional statements are used in a code to perform an action only if a particular condition is satisfied.

PHP provides four types of conditional statements. These are:

if:

If statement is used to perform an action if a single condition is true.

..else:

If else statement is used to perform an action if a single condition is true and to perform another action if that condition is false.

..elseif….else:

If elseif else statement is used to perform different actions for different conditions.

switch:

Switch statement is used to select one of the action to perform from multiple actions, relative to the true condition.

Loop Statements:

Loop Statements are used to execute a block of code continuously as long as the condition of the loop is true, and stops only when the condition fails.

PHP provides three types of loop statements. These are:

For loop:

For loop is used to execute a group of action only for a specified number of times.

While Loop:

While loop is used to execute a group of action as long as the specified condition is true.

Do While Loop:

Do While loop is used to execute a block of code at least once and then to repeat the actions as long as the specified condition is true.

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