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Future Perfect Tense

The affirmative future perfect tense consists of:

The subject + will + have + P.P (the past participle form of the verb)

For example:

By 2020, the government will have completed the bridge.

 

The negative future perfect tense consists of:

The subject + will not (won’t) + have + P.P (the past participle form of the verb)

For example:

By tomorrow, my mother will not have returned home.

 

The interrogative future perfect tense:

How to make questions using the future perfect tense:

Will + the subject (noun/ pronoun) + have + P.P + the rest of the sentence?

For example:

The question: Will they have finished the competition by next Monday?

The answer: Yes, they will have finished the competition. / No, they will not have finished the competition.

Note: questions made with question words (how, when, where, why, etc,) are constructed as follows:

Question word + will + the subject (noun/ pronoun) + have + P.P + the rest of the sentence?

For example:

The question: When will they have finished the competition?

The answer: They will have finished the competition by next week.

 

When to use the future perfect tense?

Words that express the future perfect tense:

The future perfect tense is used to make predictions about something that will be completed in a specific time in the future.

In this pattern, it always comes with the next expressions:

1. By this time + (a future timing) such as: tomorrow, next week, next year, etc.

For example:

 By this time next week, I will have finished my book.

 

2. By + exact time such as: tomorrow, next week, next year, etc.

For example:

– By tomorrow, my friend will have been in Paris.

– We will have decorated our home by next month.

 

3. In + a period of time such as: 4 years’ time, a week’s time, etc.

For example:

In a week’s time, I will have taken my vacation.

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