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Flux in ReactJS

React Flux Concept

Flux is an application architecture but is not a library nor a framework. It is used internally in Facebook for building the client-side web application with React. There are three major roles that the Flux applications have while dealing with data: Dispatcher, Stores and Views (React components).

 

Advantages of Flux:

  • It is easy to understand.
  • It is open-source.
  • It is more of a design pattern than a formal framework.
  • It is easier to maintain.
  • The parts of a flux application are decoupled.
  • It complements React as view.
  • It follows the concept of Unidirectional Data Flow model.
  • It is useful when there is a necessity to keep the data updated in an effective manner, but the project has dynamic data.
  • Runtime errors are reduced.

 

Structure and Data Flow:

The data flow is in a single direction or is unidirectional and is central to the flux pattern in a flux application. The various components of a flux architecture are:

 

Dispatcher:

Being the central hub for the React Flux application, the dispatcher manages the data flow of a Flux application. It can simply be understood as a registry of callbacks into the stores that have no real intelligence of its own. There are five dispatcher’s API methods.

 

METHODUSES
register()To register a store’s action handler callback.
unregister()To unregisters a store’s callback.
waitFor()To wait for the specified callback to run first.
dispatch()To dispatch an action.
isDispatching()To check if the dispatcher is currently dispatching an action.

 

Stores:

The state and logic of an application are included in Stores. The behaviour of Flux Stores can be simply understood as those of the models in a traditional MVC. The Stores are also used for:

  • maintaining a particular state within the application.
  • updating themselves in response to an action.
  • emitting the change event to alert the controller view.

 

Views:

Also known as controller-views, Views are React component which is used to store the logic, to listen to the change events, to receive the data from the stores and to re-render the application and is thus located at the top of the chain. The logic stored is used to generate actions and to receive new data from the store.

 

Actions:

The data to the dispatcher is passed by an action creator or helper methods.

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