It is commonly called the potatao family. They are widely distributed in tropics, subtropics and temperate regions.
|Habitat||–||Plants mostly herbs, shrubs and rarely small trees.|
|Stem||–||Herbaceous, rarely Woody, Aerial; Erect, Cylindrical, Branched, Solid or Hollow, Hair or Glabrous, Underground stem in Potato (Solanum Tuberosum)|
|Leaves||–||Leaves: alternate, simple, rarely pinnately compound, Exstipulate; venation reticulate.|
|Root||–||Branched tap root system.|
|Inflorescence||–||Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Solanum.|
|Calyx||–||Sepals 5, United (gamosepalous), Persistent, Valvate Aestivation.|
|Corolla||–||Petals 5, United (gamopetalous); Valvate Aestivation.|
|Androecium||–||Stamens 5, Epipetalous.|
|Gynoecium||–||Bicarpellary Obligately placed, Syncarpous; Ovary superior, Bilocular, Placenta swollen with many ovules, Axile placentataion.|
Members of this group yield vegetables, medicines and ornamentals.
Vegetables: Tomato, Brinjal, Potato, Chilli.
Medicine: Belladonna, Ashwagandha, Datura
Ornamental: Petunia (Queen Of The Night)